Planning and Environmental Law
Charles' practice includes all areas of planning work. He acts for both local authorities and private clients. Recent work includes acting as junior counsel in the Court of Appeal decision of Wokingham BC  EWCA Crim 205, acting as junior counsel in a large housing inquiry, and acting as sole counsel in a number of enforcement inquiries and court appearances. Charles frequently advices on all planning matters. Recent work includes advising on planning challenges, enforcement, injunctions, heritage assets, planning applications, s. 106 agreements and restrictions affecting the use of land.
During pupillage, Charles gained experience in a wide array of planning matters. He has assisted in relation to planning inquiries, local plan examinations and enforcement inquiries. Charles assisted with the drafting of advices on matters such as:
- The correct interpretation of a planning permission;
- Certificates of Use;
- Use Classes;
- Permitted Development;
- Minerals and Energy;
- Planning conditions;
- Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas;
- The interpretation of the NPPF (2018);
- Environmental Impact Assessments;
Charles has a keen interest in issues that arise alongside the development of land. During pupillage, he advised on contractual matters such as misrepresentation and damages, and tortious liability, especially with regards to claims in nuisance. In particular, Charles gained significant experience in relation to matters concerning the restriction of use of land, and has advised on restrictive covenants, repairing covenants, adverse possession and prescriptive easements.
Since starting practice, Charles has developed a busy planning inquiry practice. Most recently, he acted as junior counsel for a local planning authority in a 6-day inquiry concerning two conjoined applications, one for housing and one for Suitable Alternative Natural Greenspace.
Charles frequently acts as sole counsel in inquiries, having frequently represented parties in enforcement inquiries.
Charles has continued to develop a practice with regards to the plan-making system following his pupillage. Recently, he advised on a challenge to the adoption of a local plan. During his seat with Suzanne Ornsby QC, Charles assisted with a number of local plan examinations. This included advising on the legality of a sustainability appraisal, answering inspector's questions and providing a written opinion on the impact of the revised NPPF (2018) for the delivery and supply of housing.
Compulsory Purchase and Compensation
Charles has a strong interest in compulsory purchase and compensation matters, having gained experience of compulsory purchase from not only the perspective of the acquiring authority, but also of individuals objecting to an order and landowners seeking compensation subsequent to the compulsory purchase of their land.
During pupillage he researched and advised on a broad array of matters including:
The application of the compensation code, in particular the assessment of compensation under s. 5 of the Land Compensation Act 1961;
The correct basis for valuation of land purchased from a landowner in which it was argued by the acquiring authority that the land had nil-value due to a lack of market comparables alongside the no-scheme principle. This case resulted in a settlement substantially higher than the valuation suggested by the authority.
The formulation of an objection to a compulsory purchase order which required significant alterations in order to suitably protect the interests of the landowner.
Rating and Valuation
Charles regularly acts in rating and valuation matters. He has appeared in both the magistrates' court and valuation tribunal on a wide range of matters including applications to quash liability orders and appeals against valuations.
He gained significant experience of this area during his seat with Cain Ormondroyd, in which he assisted with a number of matters relating to business rates. These included:
The correct approach to the identification of the hereditament, following the decision of Woolway v Mazars;
The scope of the meaning of "material change in circumstances" when considering the extent of business rates liability;
Charles also gained experience of more general land valuation matters, including assisting with a probate case in the Upper Tribunal in which the main issue was the valuation of property. He welcomes instructions in any cases which raise issues of business rates and / or land valuation.
Charles has a strong interest in infrastructure work. Some recent examples of his work include being instructed in the Heathrow litigation and providing advice on an element of an order made under the Planning Act 2008. Charles also has advised on matters relating to Transport and Works Act Orders and Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects.
Rights of Way and Highways
Following his seat with Ned Westaway, Charles has continued to provide advice and work on matters relating to rights of ways and highways. He advised a local group for a town and village green inquiry, and has advised on a number of rights of way issues arising from the grant of planning permission.
During his seat with Ned Westaway, Charles assisted with a number of matters relating to both private and public rights of way. These included:
Researching matters relating to the definitive map, including definitive map modification orders;
The extinguishment of highways, including permanent stopping up. Charles helped research and draft grounds on the potential extinguishment of a public highway due to the
Applications for Traffic Regulation Orders, gaining experience of both applications for TROs and objections to them.
Furthermore, Charles gained experience of a number of public highway inquiries, including a complex 3-day inquiry into the simultaneous extinguishment and creation of a public right of way in Kent.
Charles has acted in a number of licensing matters, including committee hearings and appeals.
Charles has helped research and advise on a number of licensing matters, including prosecutions for breach of a licence, the legality of a transfer of a premises licence and its impact on an ongoing licensing appeal, and appeals relating to the alteration or removal of a premises licence.
Public Law and Local Government
Charles has a keen interest in broad public law cases and principles, including cases giving rise to issues relating to human rights. He has helped advise on a number of broad public law matters including legitimate expectation, the legality of resolutions made by local authorities, the procedural requirements imposed upon a local authority and the correct interpretation of legislation in the Divisional Court. Charles welcomes instructions in cases raising such issues.
Charles frequently gives talks on planning law. Recent talks given include the enforcement powers of local authorities, the correct approach to heritage assets and the interpretation of the revised 2018 NPPF.