Planning and Environmental Law
During pupillage, Charles gained experience in a wide array of planning matters. He has assisted in relation to planning inquiries, local plan examinations and enforcement inquiries. Charles assisted with the drafting of advices on matters such as:
The correct interpretation of a planning permission;
- Certificates of Use;
- Use Classes;
- Permitted Development;
- Minerals and Energy;
- Planning conditions;
- Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas;
- The interpretation of the NPPF (2018);
- Environmental Impact Assessments;
Charles has a keen interest in issues that arise alongside the development of land. During pupillage, he advised on contractual matters such as misrepresentation and damages, and tortious liability, especially with regards to claims in nuisance. In particular, Charles gained significant experience in relation to matters concerning the restriction of use of land, and has advised on restrictive covenants, repairing covenants, adverse possession and prescriptive easements.
Charles also assisted in the drafting of grounds to both the High Court and Court of Appeal in a number of planning matters, including the grant of advertising consent and enforcement.
Charles assisted with a number of planning inquiries during the course of pupillage, in which he helped draft opening and closing submissions and research specific areas in dispute. The inquiries that Charles helped with included:
- A 4-day inquiry for a mixed-use extra-care development;
- An 8-day inquiry for a new hotel and office development in the centre of London;
- An 8-day inquiry for development of up to 121 homes.
He also gained experience assisting and advising on enforcement matters, including helping with the drafting of grounds of appeal to the Court of Appeal for a case arising from successful action from a local authority.
Whilst under the supervision of Suzanne Ornsby QC, Charles assisted with a number of local plan examinations. This included advising on the legality of a sustainability appraisal, answering inspector’s questions and providing a written opinion on the impact of the revised NPPF (2018) for the delivery and supply of housing.
Compulsory Purchase and Compensation
Charles has a strong interest in compulsory purchase and compensation matters, having gained experience of compulsory purchase from not only the perspective of the acquiring authority, but also of individuals objecting to an order and landowners seeking compensation subsequent to the compulsory purchase of their land.
During pupillage he researched and advised on a broad array of matters including:
The application of the compensation code, in particular the assessment of compensation under s. 5 of the Land Compensation Act 1961;
The correct basis for valuation of land purchased from a landowner in which it was argued by the acquiring authority that the land had nil-value due to a lack of market comparables alongside the no-scheme principle. This case resulted in a settlement substantially higher than the valuation suggested by the authority.
The formulation of an objection to a compulsory purchase order which required significant alterations in order to suitably protect the interests of the landowner.
Rating and Valuation
Whilst under the supervision of Cain Ormondroyd, Charles assisted with a number of matters relating to business rates. These included:
The correct approach to the identification of the hereditament, following the decision of Woolway v Mazars;
The scope of the meaning of “material change in circumstances” when considering the extent of business rates liability;
Charles also gained experience of more general land valuation matters, including assisting with a probate case in the Upper Tribunal in which the main issue was the valuation of property. He welcomes instructions in any cases which raise issues of business rates and / or land valuation.
Charles is interested in infrastructure projects and helped research and advise on a number of matters including Transport and Works Act Orders and Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects.
Rights of Way and Highways
Whilst under the supervision of Ned Westaway, Charles assisted with a number of matters relating to both private and public rights of way. These included:
Researching matters relating to the definitive map, including definitive map modification orders;
The extinguishment of highways, including permanent stopping up. Charles helped research and draft grounds on the potential extinguishment of a public highway due to the
Applications for Traffic Regulation Orders, gaining experience of both applications for TROs and objections to them.
Furthermore, Charles gained experience of a number of public highway inquiries, including a complex 3-day inquiry into the simultaneous extinguishment and creation of a public right of way in Kent.
Charles has helped research and advise on a number of licensing matters, including prosecutions for breach of a licence, the legality of a transfer of a premises licence and its impact on an ongoing licensing appeal, and appeals relating to the alteration or removal of a premises licence.
Public Law and Local Government
Charles has a keen interest in broad public law cases and principles, including cases giving rise to issues relating to human rights. He has helped advise on a number of broad public law matters including legitimate expectation, the legality of resolutions made by local authorities, the procedural requirements imposed upon a local authority and the correct interpretation of legislation in the Divisional Court. Charles welcomes instructions in cases raising such issues.