Dr Richard Caddell
Dr Richard Caddell is a Senior Lecturer in Law at Cardiff University, where he teaches a number of courses in Maritime Law, as well as Media Law and Contract Law, and is Convenor of the LLM Programme in Shipping Law. Richard previously held academic positions at Bangor University, the Institute of International Shipping and Trade Law at Swansea University and the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea, Utrecht University. He was educated at Cardiff University, completing his PhD in 2009 on the international regulation of cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises).
Richard's primary research interests lie in the law of the sea, international environmental law and human rights, with a particular emphasis on biodiversity conservation, marine environmental regulation, fisheries governance, energy law and Polar law. He regularly acts as a legal advisor to national governments, inter-governmental bodies and NGOs on environmental and marine issues. Richard is currently undertaking a series of research projects on the legal impacts of shifting species distributions arising from climate change, the protection of marine mammals and migratory species, fisheries implications of Brexit, and Polar regulation. He is the co-editor of Strengthening International Fisheries Law in an Era of Changing Oceans (Hart, 2019 – with Erik J. Molenaar), Shipping, Law and the Marine Environment in the Twenty-first Century (Lawtext, 2013 – with Rhidian Thomas) and four editions of Blackstone’s Statutes on Media Law (Oxford University Press, 2006, 2008. 2010, 2013 – with Howard Johnson). Richard also serves on the editorial boards of the Yearbook of International Environmental Law, the Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law, the Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy and Communications Law.
For a complete list of publications, please click here.
Professor Michael Purdue
Michael Purdue is Professor Emeritus of City University; he was appointed Professor of Law in 1995 and retired in 2012. He has been the Editor of Journal of Planning and Environment Law from January 2000 and was a member of the Law Society's Planning and Environment Committee from 1996 until 2009
- Sizewell B: Anatomy of the Inquiry 1988: with T. O'Riordan and R. Kemp.
- Planning Appeals: A Critique 1991.
- Negotiating Development 1995 : with Patsy Healey and Frank Ennis.
- Scottish Planning law and Procedure 2001: with J.Rowan-Robinson, E Young and E. Farquharson-Black.
- English Public Law 2004. Essays on " Investigations by Public Sector Ombudsmen" and "Public Inquiries as a Part of Public Administration".
- With Victor Moore “A Practical Approach to Planning Law” 2014
Dr. Áine Ryall
Dr Áine Ryall teaches and researches environmental law, European Union law and tort law at the School of Law, University College Cork, Ireland. A qualified barrister, she holds a PhD from the European University Institute, Florence. Áine took up duty as a member of the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee in October 2015 and was elected as Vice-Chair in November 2017. She is a member of the (Irish) Environmental Protection Agency’s Advisory Committee, the Avosetta Group, the Royal Irish Academy’s Climate Change and Environmental Sciences Committee and the European Commission Expert Group of Academics on Access to Justice in Environmental Matters. She serves on the Board of the Irish Centre for European Law (ICEL). Her current research focuses in particular on environmental assessment, access to justice, environmental law enforcement and implementation of the Aarhus Convention.
Further information: http://research.ucc.ie/profiles/B012/aryall
- 'Delivering Energy Policy in Ireland: Politics, Protest & Law'
- in Heffron, R J and Little G (eds), Delivering Energy Law & Policy in the EU & the US: A Reader (Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, forthcoming, 2016)
- 'Strategic Environmental Assessment: the Irish Experience' in Jones, G and Scotford, E (eds), The Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive: A Plan for Success? (Oxford: Hart Publishing, forthcoming 2016)
- 'Realising Environmental Information Rights in Ireland: the Impact of the Aarhus Convention'. (2015) 3 Environmental Law and Practice Review (forthcoming)
- 'A Framework for Exploring the Idea of an Environmental Court for Ireland' (2015) 22 Irish Planning and Environmental Law Journal 87
- 'Enforcing EU Environmental Law Against Member States: Air Pollution, National Courts and the Rule of Law' (2015) 6 European Journal of Risk Regulation 305
- 'Environmental Information Rights in Ireland: An Assessment of Compliance with the Aarhus Convention & EU Law' (2014) 22 Environmental Liability 182
- 'Planning for Access to Justice in Environmental Matters' (2014) 21 Irish Planning and Environmental Law Journal 131
Recent papers and presentations
- ‘Access to Information on the Environment - Early Experiences and Emerging Issues' Local Authority Solicitors Bar Association Conference, Cork, 28 May 2010
- ‘Communicating European Environmental Citizenship' Communicating European Citizenship, UACES, London, 22 March 2010(www.uaces.org/events/conferences/cec/programme/index.php)
- ‘Impact of EU Environmental Law on Access to "Environmental Justice", Planning Enforcement Law - the Practitioners' Perspective Irish Planning Institute, Cork Branch, 11 March 2010
- ‘Environmental Impact Assessment Directive: Room for Improvement?' Law and Law Enforcement for Biodiversity Protection European Environment Bureau and Coastwatch seminar, Dublin, 26 February 2010
- ‘Environmental Impact Assessment and Access to Justice', Irish Environmental Network, Dublin, 24 November 2009.
- ‘Legal Protection before National Courts: General Considerations' Environmental Impact Assessments and Enforcement of Community Law Academy of European Law (ERA) and Portuguese Centre of Judicial Studies, Lisbon 2-3 November 2009
- ‘Access to Environmental Information: International and European Union Law Standards', paper presented at seminar on Environmental Information organised by the Centre for Freedom of Information, Dundee Law School, 22 October 2009 (http://www.centrefoi.org.uk/seminars_archive.php)
Dr William R. Sheate
Dr William R. Sheate is a Reader in Environmental Assessment at Imperial College London. Bill is a leading expert in Environmental Impact Assessment and has a distinguished record with the European Commission.
Originally an ecologist, Bill has worked, lectured and published widely on environmental assessment and policy for some 27 years. He has worked as a practicing ecologist, in consultancy, academia and in the voluntary sector. Most of his professional career has been spent working in interdisciplinarity. He splits his time evenly between academia (Imperial College London, where he is Reader in Environmental Assessment) and consultancy (Collingwood Environmental Planning, where he is Technical Director). His experience lies in the development and application of environmental policy and legislation (especially EIA/SEA/SA in the European Union), assessment procedures, methodologies, and public and NGO participation. He holds a PhD (on the basis of published work) on Accountability in Environmental Assessment Law, Policy and Practice in the EU. He has been an expert advisor to the EU, the European Environment Agency, the UK, Irish, Uruguay and Nicaraguan governments, the Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) and the National Trust; was a board member of Transport 2000 and a long-standing member of the Environment Agency (and formerly National Rivers Authority) Thames Regional Committees; and has been involved in various committees of the International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA).
He has managed major studies for the European Commission DG Environment on SEA and Integration of the Environment into Strategic Decision-Making (2000/01); on the relationship between the EIA and SEA Directives (2004/5); and led an international team in the development and application of sustainability assessment of biodiversity management scenarios for declining agricultural areas in upland Europe (EU 5FP, 2002-5). Recent activities include: EA practice and research in England, Scotland ,Wales, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland; research for the European Environment Agency on scenarios, futures studies, megatrends and planetary boundaries; research for Defra on ecosystem services in the Thames Gateway, and evaluations of biodiversity offsetting and Nature Improvement Areas; and sustainability assessments for the Greater London Authority on the GLA's Water Strategy and Climate Change Adaptation Strategy. He was a co-author on the Urban chapter of the UK's National Ecosystem Assessment and of Chapter 9 of the NEA follow-on project on environmental appraisals.
Bill has published extensively in the assessment field, and is the author of Making an Impact: A Guide to EIA Law and Policy (1994, 2nd edition1996) published by Cameron May, London. He was the Founding Editor of the international Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management (ICP/WSPC) (from 1998-2009), now firmly established as one of the leading journals in the environmental assessment field. He is the editor of Tools, Techniques and Approaches for Sustainability - published by World Scientific (October 2009). Bill continues as a member of the JEAPM editorial board and is also Chair of the Environment Sub-committee, and member of the Editorial Advisory Board, Imperial College Press/World Scientific (UK). He is also an Honorary Professorial Research Fellow in the School of Environment, Education and Development at the University of Manchester. He was appointed in 2014 Specialist Adviser to the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee inquiry into HS2 and the Environment. He is recognised as an international expert in advising on environmental assessment and compliance matters, e.g. for judicial review, and in April 2015 he testified on behalf of the Government of Nicaragua at the International Court of Justice in Nicaragua v Costa Rica (Border Road).
SHEATE, W. R. (2009), Tools, Techniques and Approaches for Sustainability: Collected Writings in Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, World Scientific: Singapore, pp 408. (October 2009). ISBN: 9789814289689.
SHEATE, W. R. (1996), Environmental Impact Assessment: Law and Policy - Makin an Impact II, London, Cameron May Ltd, ISBN: 9781874698913.
SHEATE, W. R. (1994), Making an Impact: A Guide to EIA Law and Policy, London, Cameron May Ltd, ISBN: 9781874698500.
Articles, Reports, Chapters
SHEATE, W.R and Eales, R. P (2016), Effectiveness of European national SEA systems: How are they making a difference? Chapter in Sadler, B. and Dusik, J., (Eds.) European and International Experience of Strategic Environmental Assessment: Recent Progress and Future Prospects, Routledge.
Turnpenny, J. Russel, D., Jordan, A., Bond, A. and SHEATE, W. (2016) “Environment”, Chapter in Dunlop, C.A. and Radaelli, C.M. (Eds.) Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment, Oxford Handbooks.
SHEATE, W.R. (2016) Streamlining SEA Processes, Chapter in Jones, G and Scotford, E. (Eds.), The Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive: A Plan for Success? Hart Publishing.
Geneletti, D., Bond, A., Russell, D., Turnpenny, J., Sheate, W. and Jordan, A. (2015) Ecosystem services and sustainability assessment: theory and practice.Chapter 10 in Morrison-Saunders, A.; Pope, J. and Bond, A. (Eds.), Handbook of Sustainability Assessment, Edward Elgar.
Sussams, L.W., SHEATE, W.R. & Eales, R.P., (2015). Green infrastructure as a climate change adaptation policy intervention: Muddying the waters or clearing a path to a more secure future? Journal of Environmental Management, 147, pp.184-193.
Russel, D., Turnpenny, J., Jordan, A., Bond, A., SHEATE, W., & Adelle, C. (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on. Work Package Report 9: Embedding an Ecosystem Services Framework in appraisal: Key barriers and enablers. UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK.
Baker, J., SHEATE, W.R., Philips, P. and Eales, R. (2013) Ecosystem services in environmental assessment – help or hindrance? Environmental Impact Assessment Review Vol:40, Pages:3-13.
Partidário M.R., and SHEATE, W.R. (2013), Knowledge brokerage - potential for increased capacities and shared power in impact assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 39: 26–36.
SHEATE, W.R., Eales, R.P., Daly, E, Baker, J, Ojike, U, Karpouzoglou, T., Murdoch, A. and Hill, C (2012) Spatial Representation and Specification of Ecosystem Services: a Methodology Using Land Use/Land Cover Data and Stakeholder Engagement, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, Vol:14, Pages:1-36.
Campbell, G., SHEATE, W.R., (2012), Embedding an ecosystems approach? Town and Country Planning, Vol: 81, Pages: 139-144.
Allen, J., SHEATE, W.R., Diaz-Chavez R., (2012), Community-based Renewable Energy in the Lake District National Park – Local Drivers, Enablers, Barriers and Solutions, Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, available online 16 March 2012, doi:10.1080/13549839.2012.665855.
SHEATE, W.R., (2012), Purposes, Paradigms and Pressure Groups: Accountability and Sustainability in EU Environmental Assessment, 1985-2010, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol: 33, Pages: 91-102.
Davies, L., Batty, M., Beck, H., Brett, H., Gaston, K.J., Harris, J.A., Kwiatkowski, L., Sadler, J., Scholes, L., SHEATE, W.R. and Wade, R. (2011), Chapter 10, Urban Broad Habitat, in UK National Ecosystem Assessment, Defra, available at http://uknea.unep-wcmc.org/Resources/tabid/82/Default.aspx [accessed 19 October 2011]
Eales R P and SHEATE W R, (2011), Effectiveness of Policy Level Environmental and Sustainability Assessment: Challenges and Lessons from Recent Practice, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 2011, Vol:13, Pages:39-65.
SHEATE WR, Eales R, Baker J, Stafford J, Barker A, van der Burgt N, Partidario MR (2011), A Natural Planning Framework: Putting the natural environment at the heart of the National Planning Framework for England, RSPB, February 2011.
Zhou K andSHEATE, WR (2011) EIA application in China's expressway infrastructure: Clarifying the decision-making hierarchy, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol:92, Pages:1471-1483.
Eales RP, and SHEATE, WR (2011), Effectiveness of Policy Level Environmental and Sustainability Asssesssment: Challenges and Lessons from Recent Practice, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, Vol:13, Pages:39-65.
Zhou K and SHEATE, WR, Case studies: Application of SEA in provincial level expressway infrastructure network planning in China - Current existing problems, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, available online November 2010,http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2010.10.005.
SHEATE, W.R.,(2011) Linking SEA and Environmental Planning and Management Tools, ln: Handbook of Strategic Environmental Assessment, Editor(s): Sadler, Aschemann, Dusik, Fischer, Partidário, Verheem, London, Earthscan Publication, (in press, January 2011), Pages: 1-704.
Phillips, P. and SHEATE, W. R. (2010), A new SEA pathway: Reflecting on Strategic Environmental Assessment in Scotland, The Environmentalist, Vol. 104, 20 September 2010, 19-22, available at www.iema.net.
Eales, R and SHEATE, W.R (2010), Opportunities Missed and Challenges to Come? Town and Country Planning, March 2010, pp138-143.
SHEATE, W R, and Partidário, M R (2010), Strategic approaches and assessment techniques: potential for knowledge brokerage towards sustainability, Environmental Impact Assessment Review Vol: 30, Pages: 278-288.
Zhou, K and SHEATE, W. R. (2009), Comparative analysis of SEA legal requirements and institutional structure in China (Mainland), Canada and the UK (England), Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 11 (4): 387-426 (Special Issue on SEA in China).
Partidário, M.R., SHEATE, W.R.,Bina, O., Byron, H. and Augusto, B. (2009) Sustainability Assessment for Agriculture Scenarios in Europe's Mountain Areas: Lessons from Six Study Areas, Environmental Management, Vol: 43, Pages: 144 - 165.
SHEATE, W R, Partidário, M R, Byron, H, Bina, O and Bennett, S, (2008) Sustainability Assessment of Future Scenarios: Methodology and Application to Mountain Areas of Europe, Environmental Management, 41 (2): 282-299.
SHEATE, W.R. and Bennett, S. (2007), The Water Framework Directive, Assessment, Participation and Protected Areas: What are the Relationships? Synthesis Report to the Irish Environmental Protection Agency, ERTDI Research Programme, Report No. 67 (October 2007).
SHEATE, W., Byron H., Dagg S., and Cooper L. (2005) The Relationship between the EIA and SEA Directives, Final Report to the European Commission DG Environment, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, available at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/eia/pdf/final_report_0508.pdf
SHEATE, W.R. and Leinster, T, (2005), SEA of Water Industry Plans and Programmes, Water Law, 16 (4):115-121.
Gu L.X., and SHEATE W.R. (2005), Institutional challenges for EIA implementation in China: A case study of development versus environmental protection, Environmental Management, Vol:36, Pages:125-142,
Adomokai R. and SHEATE, W.R. (2004), Community participation and environmental decision-making in the Niger Delta, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol:24, Pages:495-518.
Cooper, L. M. and SHEATE, W. R. (2004), Integrating cumulative effects assessment into UK strategic planning: implications of the European Union SEA Directive, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, , Vol:22, Pages:5-16.
SHEATE, W.R., Byron, H.J. and Smith, S.P.(2004) , Implementing the SEA Directive: Sectoral Challenges and Opportunities for the UK and EU, European Environment, Vol:14, Pages:73-93
SHEATE, W.R.(2004) The SEA Directive 2001/42/EC: Reinvigorating Environmental Integration, Environmental Law and Management, 2004, Vol:16, Pages:119-124
SHEATE, W.R. (2003), Changing Conceptions and Potential for Conflict in Environmental Assessment - Environmental Integration and Sustainable Development in the EU, Environmental Policy and Law, Vol. 33 (5): 219-230
SHEATE, W.R., Dagg, S., Richardson, J., Aschemann, R., Palerm, J. and Steen, U. (2003), Integrating the Environment into Strategic Decision- Making: Conceptualizing Policy SEA, European Environment, Vol 13 (1) 1-18.
SHEATE, W.R. (2003), The EC Directive on Strategic Environmental Assessment: A Much-Needed Boost for Environmental Integration, European Environmental Law Review, Vol:12, Pages:331-347.
SHEATE, W.R., Dagg, S., Richardson, J., Aschemann, R., Palerm, J. and Steen, U., (2001) SEA and Integration of the Environment into Strategic Decision-Making (3 Volumes), Final Report to the European Commission, DG XI, Contract No. B4-3040/99/136634/MAR/B4 available at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/sea-support.htm Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, (2001), 438pp.
SHEATE, W.R. (1992) Lobbying for Effective Environmental Assessment, Long Range Planning, Vol:25, Pages:90-98.
SHEATE, W.R. and Macrory, R.B. (1989) Agriculture and the EC Environmental Assessment Directive - Lessons for Community Policy-Making, J Common Mark Stud, Vol:28, Pages:68-81.
Professor Maria Lee
Maria Lee is professor of law at UCL (http://www.ucl.ac.uk/laws/index.shtml). She is a member of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (www.rcep.org.uk). Within the faculty, she is a member of the Centre for Law and the Environment, Centre for Ethics and Law and Centre for Law and Governance in Europe. Maria teaches and supervises students in tort and environmental law and policy.
Maria's main research interests lie in the law and policy of environmental protection. She is particularly interested in the ways we make decisions on risk, especially in areas of high technological complexity and controversy. She concentrates on the governance of decision making, examining the use of expertise, public participation and varied regulatory approaches. She has applied this work in a range of areas, including genetically modified organisms, nuclear energy, nanotechnology and water. Maria's main focus is regulation at EU level, but the relationships between EU, national and international actors are inevitably significant.
Maria's current work examines the borderlines between private law (especially tort) and environmental or public health regulation. Public law regulation has been the primary legal tool for the protection of public or collective interests in environment and public health for many decades. The private law of tort is frequently however called on to protect individual rights or interests (in eg property, physical integrity, amenity) affected by regulation itself or by the regulated activity. Where these private / individual rights and interests meet collective / public interests, the private law of tort meets regulation.
For a complete list of publications, see https://iris.ucl.ac.uk/iris/browse/profile?upi=MLEEX08
Nicholas Hatzis is Research Fellow at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford and a Senior Lecturer at City University London. Previously he was Référendaire in the chambers of Advocate General Maduro at the European Court of Justice. His interests are in public law, torts, EU law, civil procedure and media law.
- "Consent Orders in Private Nuisance Claims: Between Efficiency and Fairness" (Law Quarterly Review, forthcoming 2010)
- Jowitt's Dictionary of English Law, General Editor: Daniel Greenberg (Sweet and Maxwell, 2010): Contributing editor for civil procedure
- "Neutrality, Proselytism and Religious Minorities at the European Court of Human Rights and the US Supreme Court", (2009) 49 Harvard International Law Journal online 120
- "The Legality of SME Development Policies under EC Procurement Law", in S. Arrowsmith and P. Kunzlik (eds) Social and Environmental Policies in EC Procurement Law: New Directives and New Directions (Cambridge University Press 2009), 345
- "Was Bush v Gore a human rights case?" (with Gerald Neuman), (2008) 25 Constitutional Commentary 215
- "Mitigation of Libel Damages in Offer of Amends Cases", (2007) 123 Law Quarterly Review 39
- "Libel, Justification and Injunctive Relief under the Human Rights Act", (2006) 25 Civil Justice Quarterly 27
- "Fairness and Proportionality in Defamation Proceedings", (2006) 15 Nottingham Law Review 13
- "Giving Privacy its Due: Private Activities of Public Figures in von Hannover v Germany", (2005) 16 King's College Law Journal 143
Professor (Retd) Dr Colin Manchester
Colin Manchester was appointed the UK’s first Professor of Licensing Law at the University of Birmingham in 2003 and was subsequently Professor of Licensing Law at the University of Warwick from 2007 until his retirement in 2011. He is author of Manchester on Alcohol and Entertainment Licensing Law, is a Consulting Editor of Licensing Review, has been a contributor to Halsbury’s Laws of England, and has written a number of articles in leading journals (e.g. Criminal Law Review, Civil Justice Quarterly) on a range of areas and topics in licensing. He was Chairman of the Working Party that produced Model National Standard Conditions for Places of Entertainment published in 2002 and has been a Vice-Chair of the Institute of Licensing.
- Manchester on Alcohol and Entertainment Licensing Law, 3rd ed, 2012 (2nd ed 2008 and 1st ed 2005 co-authored with two eminent licensing practitioners, Susanna Poppleston and Jeremy Allen)
- Entertainment Licensing Law and Practice, 2nd ed 1999 (1st ed 1994)
- Sex Shops and the Law, 1986
Contribution to edited works
- “Inspection” and “Gambling Act offences” in Kolvin, P, ed, Gambling for Local Authorities, 2nd ed, 2010 (and 1st ed 2007)
- “Alcohol and liquor licensing” and “Entertainment licensing” in Cane, P and Conaghan, J, ed, The New Oxford Companion to Law, 2008
- “Theatres and Other Places of Entertainment” in Halsbury’s Laws of England, 4th ed Reissue, 1999
Professor Donald McGillivrayView profile
Professor Donald McGillivray is Professor of Environmental Law and Head of Sussex Law School. He has over 20 years’ experience researching and teaching environmental law. He was previously Professor of Law at the Kent Law School.
Donald is a co-author of Bell, McGillivray, Pedersen, Lees and Stokes, Environmental Law (9th ed, OUP) and has a broad interest in all aspects of environmental law. His current research interests include biodiversity and nature conservation law and – reflecting his research and teaching interests in land law - the law relating to the protection and sharing of open spaces including town and village greens. In addition to his academic work, Donald is an active member of the United Kingdom Environmental Law Association (UKELA) with a particular interest in building UKELA’s support for students through competitions and achievement awards.
For a complete list of recent publications see http://www.sussex.ac.uk/profiles/306456/publications